Legal disclaimer

We want you to understand and use this data in ways consistent with why we're providing it. Here we explain what it means from a legal standpoint.

This website contains information from:

  • publicly available sources
  • in-depth interviews with food and fibre sector experts
  • Stats NZ Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI).

NZIER and MPI have taken all reasonable measures to ensure the information on this website is accurate and current. We do not accept any responsibility or liability for the accuracy or content of material on this website, or for consequences of any decisions based on this information.

All information on this website is subject to change without notice.

If you find any information you think may be inaccurate, please contact us.

The information is not legal or financial advice

The contents of this website should not be construed as legal or financial advice. Visitors to this website should take specific advice from qualified professionals before acting on information from this website.

Information on this website does not replace or alter New Zealand law, or any other official guidelines or requirements.

Disclaimer about commercial references

Reference to a specific commercial product, process or service, whether by trade or company name, trademark or otherwise, is not an endorsement or recommendation by the New Zealand government, MPI or NZIER.

Links to third-party websites

We do not accept liability for accuracy or content of information on this website that belongs to third parties, nor for accuracy or content of any third-party website that you may access using a link from this site.

All links and references to other websites, organisations or people are provided for your convenience only and do not endorse or recommend those sites, organisations or people, or products or services offered on those sites. This includes websites that may host our content, for example, video files on YouTube, Twitter and Facebook.

We do not endorse advertising, related material or other content you may view on such sites while accessing our content. When visiting other websites, refer to the terms and conditions of use, privacy and copyright policies of those sites.

Links from other sites to this one

You are welcome to create a link from another website to this one. However, the link must not be presented in a way that implies this website is associated with yours or that we endorse your site or product.

Use of MPI and NZIER trademarks

MPI or NZIER logo, and any other MPI or NZIER trademark or logo, may not be used on your site without our prior written permission.

Persons listed who work independently

MPI, NZIER and the Crown are not liable for any costs, loss or damage arising directly or indirectly from services provided by any persons listed who work independently of MPI, NZIER and the Crown.

Disclaimer for Stats NZ data

Access to the data used in this study was provided by Stats NZ under conditions designed to give effect to the security and confidentiality provisions of the Data and Statistics Act 2022. The results presented in this study are the work of the author, not Stats NZ or individual data suppliers.

These results are not official statistics. They have been created for research purposes from the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI) and Longitudinal Business Database (LBD) which are carefully managed by Stats NZ. For more information about the IDI and LBD please visit

The results are based in part on tax data supplied by Inland Revenue to Stats NZ under the Tax Administration Act 1994 for statistical purposes. Any discussion of data limitations or weaknesses is in the context of using the IDI for statistical purposes, and is not related to the data’s ability to support Inland Revenue’s core operational requirements.